Private prisons in the United States incarcerated 121,718 men and women in 2017, representing eight.two% of the total state and federal prison population. Because 2000, the quantity of men and women housed in private prisons has elevated 39%.
Even so, the private prison population reached its peak in 2012 with 137,220 men and women. Declines in private prisons’ use make these most recent all round population numbers the lowest considering the fact that 2006 when the population was 113,791.
States show important variation in their use of private correctional facilities. Certainly, the New Mexico Division of Corrections reports that 53% of its prison population is housed in private facilities, although 22 states do not employ any for-profit prisons. Information compiled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) and interviews with corrections officials discover that in 2017, 28 states and the federal government incarcerated men and women in private facilities run by corporations which includes GEO Group, Core Civic (formerly Corrections Corporation of America), and Management and Education Corporation.
Eighteen states with private prison contracts incarcerate much more than 500 men and women in for-profit prisons. Texas, the initially state to adopt private prisons in 1985, incarcerated the biggest quantity of men and women beneath state jurisdiction, 12,728.
Because 2000, the quantity of men and women in private prisons has elevated 39.three%, compared to an all round rise in the prison population of 7.eight%. In six states the private prison population has much more than doubled in the course of this time period: Arizona (479%), Indiana (310%), Ohio (277%), Florida (199%), Tennessee (117%), and Georgia (110%).
The Federal Bureau of Prisons maintains the nation’s highest quantity of men and women managed by private prison contractors. Because 2000, its use elevated 77%, and the quantity of men and women in private federal custody — which incorporates prisons, half-way homes and property confinement — totaled 27,569 in 2017. Even though a important historical boost, the population declined 15% considering the fact that 2016, probably reflecting the continuing decline of the all round federal prison population.
Amongst the immigrant detention population, 26,249 men and women – 73% of the detained population – had been confined in privately run facilities in 2017. The privately detained immigrant population grew 442% considering the fact that 2002.
Political influences have been instrumental in figuring out the development of for-profit private prisons and continue these days. Even so, if all round prison populations continue the existing trend of modest declines, the privatization debate will probably intensify as possibilities for the prison sector dry up and corrections businesses seek profit in other places of criminal justice solutions and immigration detention.